3rd June Plan

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3rd June Plan

3rd June Plan

3rd June Plan

Introduction

The government declared the 3rd June Plan in which it was decided to partition of the sub-continent. Punjab & Bengal were to be divided on the grounds of Muslim majority and Hindus majority areas.

When all of Mountbatten’s efforts to keep India united failed, he asked Ismay to draw a plan for the transfer of power and the division of the country. It was decided that none of the Indian parties would give review to it before the plan was finalized.

The British government finally decided to divide the country into two separates states after all the efforts of keeping Hindus and Muslims together in a single state went in vain. Lord Ismay, the Chief of Staff of Lord Mountbatten, was asked to frame the partition plan of India. Though the plan was deliberately kept secret from the Indians yet Nehru grabbed the chance of seeing the plan before it was put before the Indians. The British Government approved the Plan and sent it to India in May 1947.

Key Clauses of 3rd June Plan

  • The Provincial Legislative Assemblies of Punjab and Bengal were to meet in two groups, i.e., Muslim majority districts and non-Muslim majority districts. If any of the two decided in favor of the division of the province, then the Governor General would assign a boundary commission to demarcate the boundaries of the province on the basis of determining the contiguous majority areas of Muslims and non-Muslims.
  • The Legislative Assembly of Sindh (excluding its European Members) was to decide either to join the existing Constituent Assembly or the New Constituent Assembly.
  • In order to decide the future of the North West Frontier Province, a referendum was anticipated. The Electoral College for the referendum was to be the similar to the Electoral College for the provincial legislative assembly in 1946.
  • Baluchistan was also to be given the choice to express its view on the issue.
  • If Bengal decided in favor of partition, a plebiscite was to be held in the Sylhet District of Assam to decide whether it would continue as a part of Assam, or be amalgamated with the new province of East Bengal.

Importance of the 3rd June Plan

In 3rd June 1947 was an intricate one. It covers the whole sub-continent. The government took final decision to divide it into 2 independent states & the principal of the partition was accepted. There are 635 states in the sub-continent. Nawab and Raja’s ruling over their areas and people with internal sovereignty and external were ruled by British government. Therefore, there all states hare full power to choose whatsoever they want India or Pakistan.

Conclusion

The British government got the approval of parliament on 18th July 1947 to divide the sub-continent into the two countries. The law was framing in the light of the 3rd June plan. Pakistan got the independent sovereign status on 14th august 1947 and Bharat on 15th august 1947.

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