Adverb and its types

BPSC PCS syllabus
March 20, 2020
Precis’ Writing for Competitive Exams
March 20, 2020
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Adverb and its types

 What is an Adverb?

An adverb is a word/a set of words that modifies verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. It tells when, where, and how an action is performed or indicates the quality or degree of the action. Here are its types.

Adverbs of Degree

Adverbs of degree tell us more about the intensity of the verb in the sentence, in other words, they describe how much, or to what degree. They can be categorized as low degree (e.g. somewhat), medium degree (e.g. fairly), and high degree (e.g. extremely). Adverbs of degree can also modify adjectives and other adverbs and are placed before the word they modify. Popular adverbs of degree include:

  • almost
  • enough
  • hardly
  • just
  • nearly
  • quite
  • simply
  • so
  • too

Let’s look at some sample sentences:

  • This short essay is hardly sufficient.
  • It’s simply not enough.
  • I’m so excited to move to Ireland.

Adverbs of Frequency

Adverbs of frequency let us know how often the verb occurs. Therefore, they mostly modify verbs. These adverbs tend to appear right before the main verb in the sentence. Popular adverbs in this category include:

  • again
  • always
  • never
  • normally
  • rarely
  • seldom
  • sometimes
  • usually

Here they are in action:

  • I always read a book before bed.
  • Does he normally walk his dog at this time?
  • She usually shops at the Korean market in town.

Adverbs of Manner

Adverbs of manner tell us how, or in what manner, something was carried out. They mostly modify verbs and can often be found at the end of a clause. This category comprises the most common adverbs – the ones that end in -ly. Here are some examples of adverbs of manner:

  • beautifully
  • generously
  • happily
  • neatly
  • patiently
  • softly
  • quickly
  • well

And here are some example sentences:

  • He trimmed the white roses neatly.
  • I combed my dog’s fur carefully because it had lots of tangles.
  • There’s no reason why you can’t discuss the topic with me calmly.

Adverbs of Place

Adverbs of place tell us more about where the verb took place. These tend to pop up after the main verb or direct object of the sentence. Here are some common adverbs of place:

  • above
  • below
  • everywhere
  • here
  • in
  • inside
  • into
  • nowhere
  • out
  • outside
  • there

Let’s take a look at them in action:

  • In Ireland, there are thatched-roof cottages everywhere.
  • Clearly, there aren’t any leprechauns here.
  • I was so beguiled; I drove into a ditch.

Adverbs of Time

Adverbs of time detail when the verb took place. We usually see these kinds of noun placed at the beginning or end of a sentence. Adverbs of time include:

  • annually
  • daily
  • monthly
  • recently
  • tomorrow
  • weekly
  • yearly
  • yesterday

Here they are at work:

  • Lately, you’ve been rude to everyone around.
  • They recently relocated to Santa Fe.
  • The morning newspaper arrives daily.

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