Conjunctions are linking or joining words that connect other words and phrases together. So there are some very important uses of conjunctions in English grammar.
Types of Conjunctions
Conjunctions come in three basic types: the coordinating conjunctions, the subordinating conjunctions, and the correlative conjunctions.
1. Coordinating Conjunction
Among the three types of conjunctions, this is probably the most common one. The main function of coordinating conjunctions is to join words, phrases, and clauses together, which are usually grammatically equal. Aside from that, this type of conjunctions is placed in between the words or groups of words that it links together, and not at the beginning or at the end.
In the sample sentence above, the underlined word serves as a coordinating conjunction that links two words together (pizza + burgers).
The example above shows how coordinating conjunctions can join together two (or more) phrases. The coordinating conjunction “or” in the sentence above links “in the cave” and “in the underground lagoon.”
What those girls say and what they actually do are completely different.
In this sentence, you’ll see how the same coordinating conjunction” and” from the first sample sentence can be used to link clauses together (“what those girls say” and “what they actually do”), instead of just single words.
In joining two words, phrases, or dependent clauses together, a comma is not required before the coordinating conjunction. Examples:
If, on the other hand, you are linking more than two words, phrases, and dependent clauses together, a series of commas must be placed in between the distinct elements.
Lastly, for joining together two independent clauses, a comma must be used before placing the coordinating conjunction.
For you to easily recall the different coordinating conjunctions that you can use, you can just remember the word “FANBOYS,” which stands for:
2. Subordinating Conjunction
This type of conjunctions is used in linking two clauses together. Aside from the fact that they introduce a dependent clause, subordinating conjunctions also describe the relationship between the dependent clause and the independent clause in the sentence.
List of Common Subordinating Conjunctions:
By looking at the sentences above, you will easily notice that a subordinating conjunction can be found either at the beginning of the sentence or between the clauses that it links together. Aside from that, a comma should also be placed in between the two clauses (independent clause and dependent clause) of the sentence.
3. Correlative Conjunction
The correlative conjunctions are simply pairs of conjunction which are used to join equal sentence elements together.
List of Common Correlative Conjunctions:
Although a conjunctive adverb is not a real conjunction, this kind of words functions as conjunctions in a sentence. Some examples of conjunctive adverbs are:
Here is a suggested video lecture for you to understand easily