Geography has been defined differently through different periods its history. Geographical work in ancient Greece had followed two distinct traditions. One was the mathematical traditional which was focused on fixing the location of places on the earth’s surface, and the other was gathering geographic information through travels and field work. Acoording to them, the purpose of geography was to provide a descriptian of the physical features and conditions in different parts of the world.
The emergence of regional approach in geography also emphasied the descriptive character of geography. According to Humboldt, geography is the science realted to nature and it studies and descibes all material things found on the earth. Anther important school of thought defined geography as the study of man-environemental relationships. Geography is one of the oldest earth science and its roots date back to in the works of the early Greek scholars.
The word “Geography” was fisrt used by the Greekscholar Eratosthenes in the third century B.C. “Geo” “Earth” and “Graphy” ” to describe” that mean Describe the earth’s surface; in other words “Geography is largely the study of the interaction of all physical and human phenomena and landscapes created by such interactions. It is about how, why and where human and natural activities occur and how these activities are interconnected.
The Discipline has undergone in its approach. The earlier geographers were descriptive geographers. Later, geographical field came to be developed as an analytical science.
Today, the 6 discipline is not only concerned with descriptions but also with analysis as well as prediction. The proposed course aims at explaining the meaning of discipline as a science and its subdivisions. It throws light on the descriptions of the mean subdivisions and the related fields.
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