The modern Middle East was born with the death of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I. States that had never existed before in the region came into being, and that under the aegis of the Great Powers of the time. The League of Nations – that is, the Great Powers – decided, however, that these new states were not ready for full independence. Thus, the League mandated that protectorates be formed which would oversee the administration of these countries. Britain and France would administer the former Ottoman territories of the Mesopotamia and the Levant, the so-called Class A mandates; Britain received Iraq and Palestine/Transjordan and France received Syria and Lebanon.
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