Muhammad Ali Jinnah – Fourteen Points of Jinnah

Nehru Report – History of Pakistan
April 27, 2020
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April 27, 2020
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Muhammad Ali Jinnah – Fourteen Points of Jinnah


The Fourteen Points of Jinnah were proposed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah as a constitutional reform plan to safeguard the political rights of Muslims in a self-governing India. The report was given in a meeting of the council of the All India Muslim League on March 28, 1929.

In order to counter the proposals made in the Nehru Report, Jinnah presented his proposal in the form of Fourteen Points, insisting that no scheme for the future constitution of the government of India will be satisfactory to the Muslims until and unless stipulations were made to safe guard their interests. The following points were presented by the Quaid to defend the rights of the Muslims of the sub-continent:

1. Federal System

The form of the future constitution should be federal with the residuary powers rested in the provinces.

2. Provincial Autonomy

A uniform measure of autonomy shall be granted to all provinces.

3. Representation of Minorities

All legislative in the country and other elected bodies shall be constituted on the definite principles of adequate and effective representation of minorities in every province without reducing the majority in any province to a minority or even equality.

Read Also: The Pakistan Resolution

4. Number of Muslim Representative

In the central legislative, Muslims representative shall be not less than one-third.

5. Separate Electorates

Representative of communal groups shall continue to be by means of separate electorates as at present provided it shall be open to any community, at any time to abandon its separate electorate in favor of joint electorate.

6. Muslim Majority Provinces

Any territorial re-distribution that might at any time be necessary shall not in any way, affect the Muslim majority in Punjab, Bengal and N.W.F.P.

7. Religious Liberty

Full religious Liberty, liberty of belief, worship and observance, association and education shall be guaranteed to all the communication.

8. Three-Fourth Representation

No bill or resolution shall be passed in any legislative or any other elected body if three-fourths of the members of any community in that particular body oppose such a bill.

9. Separation of Sindh

Sindh should be separated from Bombay Presidency.

10. Introduction of Reforms in N.W.F.P and Baluchistan

Reforms should be introduced in the North-West Frontier Province and Baluchistan on the same footing as in other provinces.

11. Government Services

Muslims should be given adequate share along with other Indians in the services of State.

12. Protection of Muslim’s culture and Language

The constitution should embody adequate safeguard for the protection of Muslim culture, language, religion and civilization.

13. One-Third Muslim Ministers

No cabinet, either central or provincial be formed.Without being a proportion of at least one-third Muslim Ministers.

14. Constitution

No change shall be made in the constitution of state except with the concurrence of State constituting the Indian Federation.


14 Points of Muhammad Ali Jinnah advocated by Jinnah received a lukewarm reception from the Muslim community and were only elevated in status when Jinnah’s star began to rise again in the late 1930s. Consequently, his position as a representative of the Muslim community remained uncertain to the end of the 1920s. Only a few close friends and Legislative Assembly colleagues welcomed his scheme, with the majority of these Muslim politicians also having limited support in the community. Among the Hindus, the Fourteen Points were scorned, with Jawaharlal Nehru referring to them as “Jinnah’s ridiculous 14 points”. In 1929 Jawaharlal was president of the Congress and his ongoing hostility towards Jinnah was reflective of the attitude of younger Congressmen.

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