Under New Canadian Immigration Policy 2020-2022, Canada will welcome more than one million new permanent residents between 2020 and 2022, with annual upturns guaranteeing the highest Canadian immigration levels in modern history.
The ambitious targets were officially publicized by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) on March 12 through the publishing of the Canada Immigration Levels Plan for 2020-2022.
In total, Canada plans to welcome around 1,053,000 new permanent residents over the three-year period, with as many as 1,140,000 to be admitted if the Liberal government hits the upper range of its targets.
The target for 2020 has been set at 341,000, with another 351,000 or so to acquire permanent residence in 2021, and a further 361,000 to follow in 2022.
Of these, the majority (approximately 58 percent) are set to be admitted as economic migrants, covering a range of programs at the federal and provincial levels. The most famous of these are the federal economic programs managed under the Express Entry system, namely the Federal Skilled Worker Class, the Canadian Experience Class, and the Federal Skilled Trades Class.
Express Entry admissions won’t make up a majority of economic admissions to Canada, however. The Provincial Nominee Programs, the Quebec Skilled Worker and Quebec Experience Programs, and fresher initiatives such as the Atlantic Immigration Pilot and Rural and Northern Pilot will together be responsible for more permanent residence admissions than Express Entry.
Canada’s 2020 to 2021 Immigration Levels Plan
|Immigration category||Category||2020 – Target||2021 – Target|
|Economic||Federal High Skilled||85,800||88,800|
|Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program||4,000||TBD|
|Provincial Nominee Program||67,800||71,300|
|Quebec Skilled Workers and Business||TBD||TBD|
|Family||Spouses, Partners, and Children||70,000||70,000|
|Parents and Grandparents||21,000||21,000|
|Refugees and Protected Persons||Protected Persons in Canada & Dependents Abroad||18,000||20,000|
|Resettled Refugees – Government Assisted||10,700||10,700|
|Resettled Refugees – Blended Visa Office Referred||1,000||1,000|
|Resettled Refugees – Privately Sponsored||20,000||20,000|
|Total Refugees and Protected Persons||49,700||51,700|
|Humanitarian and Other||Total Humanitarian & Other||4,500||5,000|
|Overall Planned Permanent Admissions||341,000||350,000|
The requirements of the skilled worker category are intended to assess applicants, who are likely to become economically established in Canada after arrival.
To be eligible, applicants must either:
The selection factors that make up the assessment are:
Ranges from 5 points for completing high school to 25 points for completing a master’s or Ph.D.
The system also gives credit for trade certificates or apprenticeship programs.
Canada uses both English and French as official languages, and you may receive credit for proficiency in either one or both.
Marks are awarded separately for abilities to listen, speak, read, and write each official language.
Full points for four or more years of experience at an appropriate level.
Full points for being between the ages of 21-49.
If you hold a permanent job offer from a Canadian employer or are applying from within Canada and hold a temporary work permit, you may receive credit for your Canadian employment.
This category brings in several factors related to an applicant’s ability to adapt to living in Canada, including previous experience working or studying in Canada or having family in Canada.
According to an agreement between the Province of Quebec and the Government of Canada, the Province of Quebec has its selection process for the skilled worker category of immigration. If you intend to live in Quebec upon arrival in Canada, you will be assessed based on the Quebec Selection criteria and not the evaluation used by CIC. The application process for immigration to Quebec uses a similar points-based system but with slightly different criteria.
The selection factors for immigration to Quebec as a skilled worker are:
Points are awarded separately for both education and job-related training.
Additional points are awarded for having more than one area of specialty.
Points are awarded for having a job offer from an employer in Quebec, with greater points awarded for a job outside of the area of Montreal.
Full points are awarded for four or more years of experience at the appropriate skill level, according to the NOC.
Full points are awarded for being between the ages of 18-35.
French is the official language of the Province of Quebec. The Quebec selection criteria place value on oral language abilities rather than written comprehension. Up to 16 points are available for oral interaction in French, with an additional 6 available for oral interaction in English.
Having previously spent time living, working, or studying in Quebec, as well as having family in the province, will help a prospective immigrant establish themselves more easily. Points are awarded for both of these areas.
If an applicant is accompanied by a spouse or common-law partner, points may be awarded for the spouse’s education, training, work experience, age and language.
Up to the maximum, 4 points are awarded for each child under 12 years of age, and 2 points for each child between 13 and 21.
One point is awarded for having sufficient funds for financial self-sufficiency upon arrival. However, without satisfying this requirement the application is automatically refused.
This category uses an overall assessment of the applicant’s ability to adapt to life in Quebec.
The following provinces currently participate in the Provincial Nomination Program:
Provincial nominees are not assessed on the six selection criteria of the Federal Skilled Worker Program.
Family members eligible for sponsorship are:
The Province of Quebec, according to its agreement with the Government of Canada on immigration, has a role in determining the eligibility of sponsorship applicants for residents of Quebec. This role, however, takes effect only after CIC has completed its initial assessment of the sponsorship application.
Under New Canadian Immigration Policy 2020-2022, The Business Immigration Program is designed to seek out individuals who are in a position to contribute to Canada’s economic development through their investment and managerial skills. Individuals who apply under this category have financial resources that will strengthen the Canadian economy and help create more jobs. Individuals with business experience and relatively high net worth may apply under one of three categories of the Business Immigration Program. Each of these categories targets a different contribution to the Canadian economy and has its own requirements.
The Canadian Experience Class caters specifically to Temporary foreign workers and international students who wish to become Canadian Permanent Residents. Having obtained a Canadian education and/or Canadian work experience, these individuals have already settled into the Canadian society and have established important networks in their communities and their careers.
The Canadian Experience Class requirements are based on a pass or fail model. There are separate minimum requirements for the two types of applicants:
International Graduates with Canadian Work Experience
Applicants must have:
Temporary Foreign Workers
Applicants must have:
As a world leader and champion of human rights issues, Canada also recognizes a responsibility to grant asylum to refugees who face danger, persecution and violations of their human rights in their country of nationality or habitual residence. Canada’s refugee system offers protection to thousands of such individuals each year. Refugees may be government-assisted or may be privately sponsored by individuals or organizations in Canada.
There are two main components to this program:
For individuals who wish to come work in Canada, they may apply for a temporary work permit through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program. As a general rule, these work permits require a valid job offer from a Canadian employer, though there are exceptions. In most cases, it is possible to extend work permits from within Canada, but some work permits have a maximum duration.
In many cases, work permits require that the employer obtain Labour Market Opinion from Human Resources and Social Development Canada, which confirms that the employment will not adversely affect Canadian workers. There are several exemptions to this rule.
Spouses and common-law partners of individuals who hold a Canadian work permit may accompany the work permit holder to Canada. In many cases, spouses are eligible to apply for an open work permit, which allows the holder to work for any employer in Canada.