New Canadian Immigration Policy 2020-2022

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New Canadian Immigration Policy 2020-2022

New Canadian Immigration Policy

New Canadian Immigration Policy 2020-2022

What is New Canadian Immigration Policy 2020-2022

Under New Canadian Immigration Policy 2020-2022, Canada will welcome more than one million new permanent residents between 2020 and 2022, with annual upturns guaranteeing the highest Canadian immigration levels in modern history.

The ambitious targets were officially publicized by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) on March 12 through the publishing of the Canada Immigration Levels Plan for 2020-2022.

In total, Canada plans to welcome around 1,053,000 new permanent residents over the three-year period, with as many as 1,140,000 to be admitted if the Liberal government hits the upper range of its targets.

The target for 2020 has been set at 341,000, with another 351,000 or so to acquire permanent residence in 2021, and a further 361,000 to follow in 2022.

Of these, the majority (approximately 58 percent) are set to be admitted as economic migrants, covering a range of programs at the federal and provincial levels. The most famous of these are the federal economic programs managed under the Express Entry system, namely the Federal Skilled Worker Class, the Canadian Experience Class, and the Federal Skilled Trades Class.

Express Entry admissions won’t make up a majority of economic admissions to Canada, however. The Provincial Nominee Programs, the Quebec Skilled Worker and Quebec Experience Programs, and fresher initiatives such as the Atlantic Immigration Pilot and Rural and Northern Pilot will together be responsible for more permanent residence admissions than Express Entry.

Read Also: The UK’S Points-Based System

Canada’s 2020 to 2021 Immigration Levels Plan

Immigration categoryCategory2020 – Target2021 – Target
EconomicFederal High Skilled85,80088,800
Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program4,000TBD
Caregivers5,000TBD
Federal Business700700
Provincial Nominee Program67,80071,300
Quebec Skilled Workers and BusinessTBDTBD
Total Economic195,800202,300
FamilySpouses, Partners, and Children70,00070,000
Parents and Grandparents21,00021,000
Total Family91,00091,000
Refugees and Protected PersonsProtected Persons in Canada & Dependents Abroad18,00020,000
Resettled Refugees – Government Assisted10,70010,700
Resettled Refugees – Blended Visa Office Referred1,0001,000
Resettled Refugees – Privately Sponsored20,00020,000
Total Refugees and Protected Persons49,70051,700
Humanitarian and OtherTotal Humanitarian & Other4,5005,000
Overall Planned Permanent Admissions341,000350,000
Source : www.canada.ca

Eligibility Criteria for New Canadian Immigration Policy 2020-2022

Federal Skilled Worker

The requirements of the skilled worker category are intended to assess applicants, who are likely to become economically established in Canada after arrival.

To be eligible, applicants must either:

  • Have at least one year of continuous full-time or equivalent paid work experience in the past 10 years in one of the 38 qualifying occupations; or
  • Have been living in Canada with legal status as a Temporary Foreign Worker or an international student for at least one year; or
  • Qualify for Arranged Employment with a full-time permanent job offer from a Canadian employer.

The selection factors that make up the assessment are:

  • Education (maximum 25 points)

Ranges from 5 points for completing high school to 25 points for completing a master’s or Ph.D.

The system also gives credit for trade certificates or apprenticeship programs.

  • Language Skills (maximum 24 points)

Canada uses both English and French as official languages, and you may receive credit for proficiency in either one or both.

Marks are awarded separately for abilities to listen, speak, read, and write each official language.

  • Experience (maximum 21 points)

Full points for four or more years of experience at an appropriate level.

  • Age (maximum 10 points)

Full points for being between the ages of 21-49.

  • Arranged Employment (maximum 10 points)

If you hold a permanent job offer from a Canadian employer or are applying from within Canada and hold a temporary work permit, you may receive credit for your Canadian employment.

  • Adaptability (maximum 10 points)

This category brings in several factors related to an applicant’s ability to adapt to living in Canada, including previous experience working or studying in Canada or having family in Canada.

Quebec Skilled Worker

According to an agreement between the Province of Quebec and the Government of Canada, the Province of Quebec has its selection process for the skilled worker category of immigration. If you intend to live in Quebec upon arrival in Canada, you will be assessed based on the Quebec Selection criteria and not the evaluation used by CIC. The application process for immigration to Quebec uses a similar points-based system but with slightly different criteria.

The selection factors for immigration to Quebec as a skilled worker are:

  • Training (maximum 29 points):

Points are awarded separately for both education and job-related training.

Additional points are awarded for having more than one area of specialty.

  • Validated Employment Offer (maximum 10 points)

Points are awarded for having a job offer from an employer in Quebec, with greater points awarded for a job outside of the area of Montreal.

  • Experience (maximum 9 points)

Full points are awarded for four or more years of experience at the appropriate skill level, according to the NOC.

  • Age (maximum 18 points)

Full points are awarded for being between the ages of 18-35.

  • Language Proficiency (maximum 22 points)

French is the official language of the Province of Quebec. The Quebec selection criteria place value on oral language abilities rather than written comprehension. Up to 16 points are available for oral interaction in French, with an additional 6 available for oral interaction in English.

  • Stay and Family in Quebec (maximum 9 points)

Having previously spent time living, working, or studying in Quebec, as well as having family in the province, will help a prospective immigrant establish themselves more easily. Points are awarded for both of these areas.

  • Spouse’s Characteristics (maximum 18 points)

If an applicant is accompanied by a spouse or common-law partner, points may be awarded for the spouse’s education, training, work experience, age and language.

  • Children (maximum 8 points)

Up to the maximum, 4 points are awarded for each child under 12 years of age, and 2 points for each child between 13 and 21.

  • Financial Self-Sufficiency (1 point)

One point is awarded for having sufficient funds for financial self-sufficiency upon arrival. However, without satisfying this requirement the application is automatically refused.

  • Adaptability (maximum 8 points)

This category uses an overall assessment of the applicant’s ability to adapt to life in Quebec.

Provincial Nomination Program

The following provinces currently participate in the Provincial Nomination Program:

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Saskatchewan
  • Yukon

Provincial nominees are not assessed on the six selection criteria of the Federal Skilled Worker Program.

Family Class Sponsorship

Family members eligible for sponsorship are:

  • Spouses or common-law partners.
  • Parents or grandparents.
  • Dependent children (must be under 22 years of age unless substantially dependent for financial support because they are a full-time student, or because of disability).
  • Children under 18 whom you plan to adopt Orphaned brothers, sisters, nieces and nephews who are under 18 and unmarried.
  • A relative of any age if you do not have any of the family members listed above.

The Province of Quebec, according to its agreement with the Government of Canada on immigration, has a role in determining the eligibility of sponsorship applicants for residents of Quebec. This role, however, takes effect only after CIC has completed its initial assessment of the sponsorship application.

Business Immigration Under New Canadian Immigration Policy 2020-2022

Under New Canadian Immigration Policy 2020-2022, The Business Immigration Program is designed to seek out individuals who are in a position to contribute to Canada’s economic development through their investment and managerial skills. Individuals who apply under this category have financial resources that will strengthen the Canadian economy and help create more jobs. Individuals with business experience and relatively high net worth may apply under one of three categories of the Business Immigration Program. Each of these categories targets a different contribution to the Canadian economy and has its own requirements.

  • Immigrant Investor Program: This program seeks to attract experienced business people willing to make substantial investments in the Canadian economy. Applicants under this program must establish a net worth of at least CAD$800,000, and demonstrate that this wealth was legally obtained. In addition, Immigrant Investors must make an investment of CAD$400,000, which the government of Canada will return to them at the end of five years, with no interest. To qualify as an Immigrant Investor, the applicant must also have managed a qualifying business, as defined by Canadian Immigration authorities. Applicants destined to the province of Quebec may qualify under a similar Investor Program administered by that province.
  • Entrepreneur Program: The Entrepreneur Program is geared towards business immigrants who plan to have a hands-on role in their contributions to the Canadian economy. The net worth requirements for the Entrepreneur Program are lower than for Immigrant Investors (CAD$300,000 rather than CAD$800,000). Applicants under this category of the Business Immigrant Program must commit to both managing and owning at least one-third of a Canadian business, which will create or maintain employment within three years of landing in Canada. Applicants destined to the province of Quebec may qualify under a similar Entrepreneur Program administered by that province.
  • Self-Employed Persons Program: The Self-Employed Persons Program is in place for individuals with relevant experience and skills in business, culture, athletics or farming who are able willing to support themselves and their dependents through self-employed income. To apply under this program, an individual may need to demonstrate experience, net worth and/or artistic qualifications depending on the criteria under which they are applying. Applicants destined to the province of Quebec may qualify under a Self-Employed Program administered by that province.

Canadian Experience Class under New Canadian Immigration Policy 2020-2022

The Canadian Experience Class caters specifically to Temporary foreign workers and international students who wish to become Canadian Permanent Residents. Having obtained a Canadian education and/or Canadian work experience, these individuals have already settled into the Canadian society and have established important networks in their communities and their careers.

The Canadian Experience Class requirements are based on a pass or fail model. There are separate minimum requirements for the two types of applicants:

International Graduates with Canadian Work Experience

Applicants must have:

  • Successfully completed a program of study of at least two academic years at a Canadian post-secondary educational institution;
  • Obtained at least one year of skilled, professional or technical work experience within 24 months of the application date; and
  • Moderate or basic language skills, depending on the skill level of their occupation.

Temporary Foreign Workers

Applicants must have:

  • Obtained at least two years of skilled, professional or technical work experience within 36 months of the application date; and
  • Moderate or basic language skills, depending on the skill level of their occupation.
  • An applicant who has met the minimum requirements and is still in Canada on either a Post-Graduate Work Permit or a Temporary Work Permit may apply from within Canada. For individuals no longer in Canada, the applications must be submitted within one year of leaving their job in Canada.

Asylum

As a world leader and champion of human rights issues, Canada also recognizes a responsibility to grant asylum to refugees who face danger, persecution and violations of their human rights in their country of nationality or habitual residence. Canada’s refugee system offers protection to thousands of such individuals each year. Refugees may be government-assisted or may be privately sponsored by individuals or organizations in Canada.

There are two main components to this program:

  • Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program: This program is aimed at refugees currently outside of Canada who seeks resettlement. CIC selects refugees seeking resettlement, determining first if they may be safe to remain where they are currently located or to return to their country of nationality. Selection depends heavily on recommendations from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, but also requires security and medical screening.
  • Asylum in Canada: This program offers protection to individuals currently in Canada who fear to return to their home country. Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Board assess these cases.

Temporary Foreign Worker Program

For individuals who wish to come work in Canada, they may apply for a temporary work permit through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program. As a general rule, these work permits require a valid job offer from a Canadian employer, though there are exceptions. In most cases, it is possible to extend work permits from within Canada, but some work permits have a maximum duration.

In many cases, work permits require that the employer obtain Labour Market Opinion from Human Resources and Social Development Canada, which confirms that the employment will not adversely affect Canadian workers. There are several exemptions to this rule.

Spouses and common-law partners of individuals who hold a Canadian work permit may accompany the work permit holder to Canada. In many cases, spouses are eligible to apply for an open work permit, which allows the holder to work for any employer in Canada.

Sources: www.canada.ca , www.monster.ca

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