Objective Resolution – History of Pakistan

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Objective Resolution – History of Pakistan

Objective Resolution

Objective Resolution

Objective Resolution was presented in the Constituent Assembly by Liaquat Ali Khan on March 7, 1949 and was argued for five days by the members from both the treasury and opposition benches. The resolution was ultimately passed on March 12.

Salient features of the Objective Resolution

  • Sovereignty of the entire Universe belongs to Allah alone
  • Authority should be delegated to the State through its people under the rules set by Allah
  • Constitution of Pakistan should be framed by the Constituent Assembly
  • State should exercise its powers through the chosen representatives
  • Principles of democracy, freedom, equality, tolerance and social justice, as inshore by Islam should be followed
  • Muslims shall live their lives according the teaching of Quran and Sunnah
  • Minorities can freely profess and practice their religion.
  • There should be Federal form of government with the maximum autonomy for the Units
  • Fundamental rights including equality of status, of opportunity and before law, social, economic and political justice, and freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith, worship and association, subject to law and public morality should be given to all the citizens of the state.
  • It would be the duty of the state to safeguard the interests of minorities, backward and depressed classes.
  • Independence of judiciary should be guaranteed
  • Integrity of the territory and sovereignty of the country was to be safeguarded
  • The people of Pakistan may prosper and attain their rightful and honored place amongst the nations of the world and make their full contribution towards international peace and progress and happiness of humanity.

Read Also: The Pakistan Resolution

Aftermaths

Liaquat Ali Khan illuminated the context of the resolution in his speech delivered in the Constituent Assembly on March 7, 1949. He named the passage of the Objectives Resolution as “the most important occasion in the life of this country, next in importance only to the achievement of independence.’. He said that we as Muslim believed that authority conferred to Allah Almighty and it should be exercised in according to the standards laid down in Islam. He added that this preamble had made it clear that the authority would be implemented by the chosen persons; which is the essence of democracy and it eliminates the dangers of theocracy. It stressed on the principles of democracy, freedom, equality, tolerance, and social justice and it says that these should be part of future constitution.

Conclusion

After a great debate eventually the resolution was approved by the Constituent Assembly on March 12, 1949. Liaquat Ali Khan guaranteed the minorities that they will get all the fundamental rights in Pakistan once the constitution based on the Objectives Resolution will be imposed. However, this resolution twisted a division on the communal lines as the Muslim members except for Mian Iftikharuddin voted in favor of it and the non-Muslim opposed it. It created a doubt in the mind of minorities against majority. Since, the Resolution has yet not been applied in Pakistan in the true spirit, the doubts in the minds of the minorities still exists.

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