Preposition, its Rules, Types and Examples

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Preposition, its Rules, Types and Examples

A preposition is a word used to link nouns, pronouns, or phrases to other words within a sentence. They act to connect the people, objects, time and locations of a sentence. Prepositions are usually short words, and they are normally placed directly in front of nouns. In some cases, you’ll find prepositions in front of gerund verbs.

Prepositions include the following categories:

What Are Prepositions of Time?

Learn the prepositions of time with examples

These are used when there is a need to indicate when a particular event happened. These include: In, On, At, Since, For, During etc I was studying in the morning.She was born on 5th of July.I will reach there at 6 o’clock.

What Are Prepositions of Place?

These prepositions are used to illustrate the location of nouns or pronoun in a sentence. These include: InOnBetweenBehindUnderOver, Near etc The cat is on the tree.John lives near his workplace.He is in his room.

What Are Prepositions of Direction?

These are used to describe the movement of one noun or pronoun towards another noun or pronoun. These include: tointotowardsthrough etc. I went to the book store.The swimmer jumped into the pool.The dog was coming towards him.

What Are Prepositions of Manner?

These are applied to describe the way or means by which something happened or happens, when used in a sentence. These include: OnInWithByLike etc. He goes to work by trainI came there in a taxi.The boy speaks like an old man.

What Are Prepositions of Agent or Instrument?

These prepositions are applied to indicate that an action conducted on a noun is caused by another noun, when used in a sentence. These include: bywith. This poem was written by Milton.I opened my closet with a key.She is writing with her blue pen.

What Are Prepositions of Measure?

These prepositions are applied to connect the quantity of the noun with the noun itself, when used in a sentence. These include: ofby. I bought a pound of cheese today.One-third of the students were present in the class.This shop sells cloth by the yard.

What Are Prepositions Of Source?

These prepositions are applied when it is needed to convey that one noun or pronoun has originated from another noun or pronoun in the sentence. These include: fromby. The Earth receives light from the Sun.This poem is written by me.He did the help from gratitude.

What Are Prepositions of Possession?

These prepositions are applied when it is needed to indicate that one noun or pronoun owns another noun or pronoun in the sentence. These include: inwithof.       I met the boy with red hair today.The old man had no money on him.My friend’s father is a man of wealth.

Uses of Prepositions in English in the different Manners

Sometimes English grammar prepositions are used in the different manners through which the meaning changes quite a bit according to context.

They are provided in the below section.

Prepositional phrase functioned as Conjunctions:

Some words are preposition, but they are functioning as conjunctions.

Preposition Rules: The preposition which is used before a clause, is functioning as a conjunction. But when a word is used before a noun phrase it stays as a preposition.

The words which are most common among these kinds of prepositions i.e. after, as, since, before, until etc.

Conjunction & Preposition Exercises: Some conjunction – preposition sentences are catered below:

1. After the lecture, they went to the movie. (Preposition)

2. After they ate, they went to the movie. (Conjunction)

3. He stood before the judge and declared his innocence. (Preposition)

4. Before he declared his innocence, he looked at the judge for a long time. (Conjunction)

Prepositions act as Adverbs:

Sometimes, words you might think of as prepositions act like adverb. When a word is modifying a verb, it is starting act like an adverb.

These types of prepositions in English which follow this rule i.e. about, across, around, before, beyond, in, inside, near, opposite, outside, past, round, through, under, up, within.

Preposition Worksheets: Following are some adverbs – preposition examples sentences –

1. Dorothy colors outside the lines.

Here outside the lines is an adverbial phrase and outside is a preposition.

2. If you want to see the eclipse, you will need to go outside.

Here outside tells you where you will need to go and without an object outside is an adverb.

Use of Prepositions with Adjectives:

Sometimes preposition words appear after adjectives to complete or elaborate on the ideas or emotions that adjectives describe.

There are no specific preposition rules to use adjectives and English grammar prepositions combinedly.

Following are some adjective – preposition examples sentences:

1. Jenny is afraid of swimming in the ocean.

2. The kids are very fond of the ice-cream.

3. She was highly skilled in physics and chemistry.

4. Eating healthy is good for your health.

Use of Preposition with Noun:

Some preposition words can be used with nouns to connect or provide clarification for ideas explained in sentences. In this type of combination, the preposition always come after the noun.

Here are some noun – preposition examples:

1. Her answer to the teacher’s question was correct.

2. Tony has so much admiration for his father.

3. My friend has a fear of the dark.

4. He has little experience in backpacking.

Preposition Definition with Verbs:

To connect with the objects, certain verbs need prepositions. Verbs are usually followed by the prepositions before the object of the verb. These types of prepositions are known as the dependent prepositions.

Following are some preposition examples list with verb:

1. I applied for the job, but I didn’t get it.

2. Has he recovered from his illness yet?

3. He believes in ghosts.

4. This shampoo smells of blossoms.

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