Radcliff Award – The Disloyal Partition Project

My Guardian Angel
My Guardian Angel – A Story of Motivation & Success
May 16, 2020
Political Systems in the World
Political Systems in the World
May 18, 2020
Show all

Radcliff Award – The Disloyal Partition Project

Radcliff Award

Radcliff Award - The Disloyal Partition Project

The Radcliff Award was published on 17 August 1947 upon the Partition of India. Today its western side still maintains the Indo-Pakistani border and the eastern side maintains the India-Bangladesh border.

Background

The partition plan of June 3, 1947, under the Indian Independence Act, inter-alia, envisioned the division of Punjab and Bengal which made it indispensable to set up a Boundary Commission to delineate the boundaries of the parts of each of these provinces into Hindu and Muslim majority districts, to be allocated to India and Pakistan, respectively.

Role of Radcliff

The genesis and history of the Kashmir dispute will remain incomplete unless the disloyal role played by Sir Cyril Radcliff, seemingly at Mountbatten’s behest, is recalled. Undeniable evidence is available that Mountbatten was very intense to see that the whole Gurdaspur district, which had a Muslim majority, should not be allocated to Pakistan. Mountbatten’s approach was that Punjab may be divided in such a manner that the state of Jammu and Kashmir could join either India or Pakistan.

The well-known British writer, Aalstair Lamb in his book, ‘Kashmir, a disputed legacy’, has also established a sinister conspiracy between Mountbatten and the Indian Congress leadership as a result of which the Boundary Commission awarded Gurdaspur to India which culminated in the Indian intervention in Jammu and Kashmir on October 27, 1947. In the words of Quaid-i-Azam, the Radcliff Award was an unjust, incomprehensible and even perverse award.

Members of Radcliff Award

Partition committee projected that Sir Cyrill Radcliffe should be invited to serve as chairman of the Punjab and Bengal Boundary Commission. Radcliffe was a well-known barrister who came from England. The League and the Congress nominated two High Court judges.

The participants of Punjab Boundary Commission were Din Muhammad and Muhammad Munir on behalf of Pakistan and Mehr Chand Mahajan and Tej Singh on behalf of India while members of Bengal Boundary Commission were Abu Saleh and S.A. Rahman on behalf of Pakistan and C.C Biswas and B.K. Mukherji on behalf of India.

Controversy in division of Punjab

In Radcliff Award, in the division of Punjab, the award was prejudicial and awarded a number of Muslim majority areas to India. In Gurdaspur district two contiguous Muslim majority Tehsils of Gurdaspur and Batala were given to India along with Pathankot tehsil to provide a connection between India and the State of Jammu and Kashmir. The Muslim majority tehsil Ajnala in the Amritsar district was also tendered to India. In Jullundur district the Muslim majority areas of Zira and Ferozepur in the Ferozepur district, were also given to India.

Controversy in division of Bengal

Similarly, in Bengal the most imperative question related to the future of Calcutta. It was the capital of the province. Though the Muslims formed only a quarter of the population of Calcutta, a large section of its population consisted scheduled castes that were allied with the Muslim League. In any case, for more than two hundred years the Muslims of Bengal had donated to make Calcutta what it was in 1947 a center of commerce and industry.

The city of Calcutta, the capital of the province, was the largest industrial, commerce and educational center. The whole development of Calcutta was based on the toil of Muslim peasantry of Bengal. East Bengal produced most of the raw material which had to be sent to Calcutta because all factories and mills were in Calcutta. The Congress leaders were determined to get Calcutta by all foul or fair means. Finally, Calcutta was awarded to India ignoring the claim of the Muslim.

Remarks of Ch. Muhammad Ali over Radcliff Award

Chaudhry Muhammad Ali has cited in his book that Liaqat Ali Khan told him that Quiad-i-Azam had received very disturbing reports about the likely Radcliff Award, predominantly in Gurdaspur district, and asked him to see Lord Ismay, a senior staffer of Mountbatten to convey to him from Quaid-i-Azam that “if the boundary actually turned out to be what these reports foreshadowed, this would have a most serious impact on relations between Pakistan and the United Kingdom whose good faith and honor were involved in this question”.

Sardar Patel, in his speech in Calcutta on January 15, 1950, had disclosed that the Congress had made a condition that it would agree to the partition of India only if they did not lose Calcutta. Sardar Patel had also once disclosed that Mountbatten had entered into a secret agreement with the Congress leaders to have Calcutta assigned to India.

Ch. Muhammad Ali’s Apprehensions

Accordingly, Chaudhry Muhammad Ali went to see Lord Ismay who was closeted with Sir Cyril Radcliff. Chaudhry Muhammad Ali, therefore, decided to wait. When Chaudhry Muhammad Ali conveyed Quaid-i-Azam’s message to him, Lord Ismay “professed complete ignorance of Radcliff’s idea about the boundary and stated categories that neither Mountbatten nor he himself had ever discussed the question with him. It was entirely for Radcliff to decide; and no suggestion of any kind had been or would ever be made to him”.

Remarks of Sardar Patail

Sardar Patel, in his speech in Calcutta on January 15, 1950, had disclosed that the Congress had made a condition that it would agree to the partition of India only if they did not lose Calcutta. Sardar Patel had also once disclosed that Mountbatten had entered into a secret agreement with the Congress leaders to have Calcutta assigned to India.

Thus, no less a person than Sardar Patel himself exposed the myth of impartiality of Mountbatten and Radcliff. These are hard facts relating to the ‘Radcliff Award’ and have been re-stated for the benefit of our people and to keep the record straight.

Radcliff Award – The disloyal Partition Project

At the time of the creation, Pakistan had already been squeezed as much as possible as a result of an unholy consent between Mountbatten and the Indian Congress leaders. However, the Radcliff award was the meanest cut. This perfidious award paved the way for India’s military intervention in Kashmir.

The inhabitants of Kashmir, a valley of tremendous beauty, are unfortunately still locked in a life and death struggle for their survival and their absolute right to self-determination. They have been facing naked brutality and cruelty during the last over fifty years. It is, therefore, the moral obligation of the international community to extend all possible help to the oppressed people of Kashmir who are still waiting for freedom from terror and injustice.

You May Also Like:

3rd June Plan

Cabinet Mission Plan 1946

The Pakistan Resolution

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *