South America Facts

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South America Facts

1. There are 12 countries in South America (see list on the right) and 3 dependencies with a total of more than 385 million people living on the continent.

2. Largest Country: Brazil. The country is covering more than half the continent’s landmass. Did you know that Brazil is only slightly smaller than the USA?

3. Largest City: Sao Paolo in Brazil. With more than 21 million inhabitants (2019) Sao Paulo is also one of the ten biggest cities in the world.

4. Smallest Country: Suriname. The country is one of the 10 most sparsely populated countries in the world.

5. Biggest Island: Tierra del Fuego (Spanish meaning: Land of Fire), at the southern tip of Argentina and Chile

Read Also: The United States of America

6. Longest River: Amazon River (6,437metres/4,000miles). The Amazon is not only the second longest river in the world after the Nile, but also the Amazon carries more water than the world’s other 10 biggest rivers combined.

7. Highest Mountain: Aconcagua in Argentina. The mountain (6,961metres/22,837ft) is located in the Andes mountain range.

The Aconcagua is considered the second highest of the world’s Seven Summits after Mount Everest which is in Asia.

8. Biggest Lake: Lake Titicaca (shared by Bolivia and Peru)

9. Driest Place: While South America’s rain forests also are some of the wettest places on the earth, the Atacama Desert in Chile is considered the driest place on earth.

10. There are two landlocked countries in South America: Paraguay and Bolivia are located in the interior of the continent and have neither access to the Atlantic Ocean nor to the Pacific Ocean.

11. The world’s longest mountain range in the world is the Andes Mountains, located in South America.

12. Major rivers in South America include the Amazon River, the Parana River, the Orinoco River, the Tocantins River, and the Strait of Magellan.

13. South America is home to some of the most amazing geographical features including the Andes Mountains, the Amazon Basin and Rainforest, the Brazilian Highlands, the Pampas plain, the Pantanal wetlands and the Guiana Highlands.

14. North and South America were named after Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci.

15. Most of the South American people are Catholics (90%), some Protestants, Jews and some indigenous people have their indigenous beliefs.

16. The most popular attractions are:

  • Macchu Picchu in Peru
  • Iguazu Falls in Argentina/Brazil
  • Angel Falls in Venezuela
  • Rio de Janeiro and its Carnival in Brazil
  • Patagonia in Argentina/Chile
  • Amazon in Ecuador
  • Pantanal in Paraguay/Brazil
  • Torres del Paine National Park in Chile
Angel Falls
Tierra del Fuego
Pantanal in Paraguay/Brazil

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