Torture, attacks on protected locations, coercive use of force the use of forbidden weapons and widespread violations of human rights-this is the way to democratic rule in Syria. Since its independence in 1946, Syria has been in political uproars. The authoritarian regime, which has been in practice since a long ago, has pushed Syrians into darkness. Within nearly half a century, the authoritarian power in Syria has ensured that justice has been stamped out. It has killed the moral character and extinguished the peculiar quality of what it is to be a human being. However, systematic trashing of the communities’ capability has turned the region into a soft underbelly in the era of globalizing martial law.
Inspired by “Arab Spring” a peaceful movement against dictatorship and for freedom, liberty and democracy was launched in March, 2011. The drive impacted drastically socio-political spectrums of the country. It engaged civil society, journalists, human rights activists and some political authorities to walk against dictatorial regime. Like other movements for liberty in the world, the journey of democracy, human rights and freedom has also charged millions of casualties. The worst humanitarian crisis, extreme poverty, high inflation and unemployment rates, destruction of homes and killings of civilians-all is happening in this war torn country.
What has struggle for democracy charged so far?
A peaceful uprising against the president of Syria almost eight years ago turned into a full-scale civil war. The conflict has so far charged millions of deaths, devastated cities and drawn in other countries. According to According to estimates by the United Nations, more than 400,000 people have been killed in Syria since the start of the war. The UN reports that, as of January 2019, more than 5.6 million have fled the country, and over 6 million have been internally displaced. Many refugees have fled to Jordan and Lebanon, straining already weak infrastructure and limited resources. More than 3.4 million Syrians have fled to Turkey, and many have attempted to seek refuge in Europe.
Everyone agrees that conflicts impose huge costs on economies, including massive destruction of infrastructure and housing, disruption of trade, transport and production, not to mention the loss of lives and widespread human suffering. The Syrian economy was relatively stable with annual GDP growth averaging around 5% before the war began. The GDP per capita was $2,835, an amount that was similar to Egypt and Morocco, but lower than most countries in the MENA region. Agriculture was and remains today, incredibly important making up 19% of the economically active population in 2011. Before the war Syria was producing about 385,000 barrels of oil a day. Presently, output is less than one-tenth of that. The damage in terms of destroyed infrastructure and lost growth has already cost Syria a colossal $US226 billion ($291 billion), according to a 2017 World Bank report – an amount several times the nation’s entire GDP back in 2011. More than three-quarters of all Syrians of working age are unemployed – an economic calamity that will massively impact skills, dragging down future growth too. The collapse of basic amenities and the health sector is also having devastating consequences.
Human Rights Abuses
The journey started by the Syrians was not easy to move on. It has seen many human rights violations during last eight years. Hundreds of thousands women have so far been raped, killed or tortured. Thousands of children have also been slaughtered. Medical workers, journalists and human rights activists have been killed either by government forces or by international forces’ airstrikes and bombings. Forbidden chemical weapons have also been used by international forces which is a complete violation of international law.
Humanitarian and Refugees crisis
The Syrian civil has also generated some 5.7 million refugees and 6.2 million internally displaced people in Syria. Many of whom are facing acute food and health challenges. More than half of the homeless people are suffering from different diseases. The urban-centered nature of the conflict has aggravated physical damages, particularly in the health sector, as medical facilities were specifically targeted. Estimates show that about 27 percent of all housing units have been destroyed or partially damaged across the cities covered in this study. About half of all medical facilities have been partially damaged, and about 16 percent of them destroyed in the same area. This damage to infrastructure has led to an overall deterioration in health across the country, and the reemergence of communicable diseases such as polio. More people are estimated to have died from the breakdown of the health system than directly from the fighting. Experts estimate that 13.1 million Syrians need humanitarian assistance, such as medicine or food. Nearly 3 million of these people live in hard-to-reach areas.
Social Degradation The war torn country has produced mental disorder and unrest within social sphere. Thousands of the victims have seen end of their healthy lives. The social spectrum has been damaged drastically by so-called revolution. Several socio-security are ahead to be faced by the civilians.