modern turkey

April 18, 2020

خلافتِ عثمانیہ- عروج و زوال کی مختصر تاریخ

عثمانی دور کے آغاز سے لے کر ٹُوٹنے تک کا سفر اور ساتھ ہی مختلف تحریکوں کے احوال کتاب کو ڈائون لوڈ کرنے کے لیے Download […]
April 18, 2020

Demise of the Ottoman Empire

Abstract The Ottoman Empire is known as the last Islamic empire and caliphate in world history. It started in the 13th Century as a small region […]
April 18, 2020

Decline of Ottoman Empire

Abstract The laws of the nature are always operative in our individual and collective lives.Nations rise and fall under distinct laws of nature. Throughout the history,empires […]
April 21, 2020

Turkey | After the End of Lausanne Treaty

Turks have never forgotten the Treaty of Lausanne, which caused the reduction of the geography of the modern Turkish state, and forcing it to give up […]