Top 10 Essays with outline for Competitive exams

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Top 10 Essays with outline for Competitive exams

Here are Top 10 Essays with outline for Competitive exams. You can learn essay writing by following the structure used in the essays given below.

1.The Widening gap between education in the developed countries and the developing countries is a real challenge. Discuss factors leading to this challenge and also suggest pragmatic solutions for mitigation.

Outline

1- Introduction

– The widening gap between education in the developed countries and the developing countries is really a big challenge that needs some prudent framework by the world leaders.

2- A comparative study of literacy rates in the developed countries and developing countries

3- Education status of Pakistan as a developing country

4- Why there is a huge gap between developed and developing countries in respect of education?

 4.1 Socio-Political unrest restraining the developing countries from achieving educational ascendancy

4.2 War on terror; a major blow to education in the second world

 4.3 Internal and external insurgencies in the poor countries are obstacles in sustainable development in education

4.4 Economic crisis and low expenditure on education is another factor

4.5 Bad governance and mismanagement in resource allocation are not letting education to boost

4.6 Defective and poor education systems are stopping education tree to grow in the developing countries

4.7 Conservative traditions; a poorest approach to education

4.8 IMF policies restricting developing countries to spend more on education

 4.9 Lack of research centers and infrastructure are making the situation more worse

5- Ways to bridge the gap

 5.1 UN should pay more attention to bridge the gap; SDGs case

 5.2 Regional organizations should stress upon quality and equal education in the developing countries

 5.3 Exchange of information and education systems could lessen the difference

5.4 Bringing peace; the most powerful tool to upgrade education in the developing countries

5.5 Eradication of poverty is directly proportional to the quality education

 5.6 A healthy amount of expenditures should be allotted to the mother sector

 5.7 Aware the masses through a robust campaign; Media and seminars could be helpful in this regard

6- Conclusion

2-Regulation of Social Media in Pakistan: Issues and Challenges

Outline

1. Introduction

– Social media is a very important tool for communication but it requires some policy frameworks to be put on the right track.

2. Main objectives of social media

  . Global Connectivity

  . To help in building communities

  . To share easy and fast information

  . To increase awareness

3. Challenges of social media in Pakistan

  . Spying through school media and apps

  . Hampering values

  . Cyber-Crimes

  . Falsehood

  . Intensive usage of social media

  . Unrestricted Access

  . Security and identity protection problem

4. Suggestions to regulate social media effectively

  . Enforce the Cyber-Crimes Act properly

  . Make new laws and regulations

  . Nationwide awareness campaign

  . Ban on useless websites

5. Conclusion

3-Are Modern Wars not Holy Wars?



Introduction
Thesis Statement: The politico-economic interests of states – behind the contemporary combats – to topple unfavorable governments make the modern wars not the holy wars.

Body Paragraphs

1. Political Interests behind the Modern Wars prevent them from being the Holy Wars.
(A) U.S led war in the Middle East is meant for establishing a favorable political scenario in the region.
(B) Russia, Turkey and Iran are fighting modern war in Syria to achieve regional political dominance.
(C) Saudi Arabia is fighting modern war in Yemen because of securing its political influence in that country.

2. Economic Interests make Modern Wars different from the Holy Wars
(A) States are fighting modern wars to seek control over natural resources.
– U.S. is still fighting its war in Iraq to exploit the latter’s oil.
– China and U.S. are engaging themselves in hostility in Africa for the sake of holding this region’s natural resources.
(B) Modern Wars are for trade and commercial interests rather than any holy agenda.
– U.S. and China are engaging in an undeclared war of ideas in South East Asia to maintain exclusive commercial hegemony.

3. Modern Wars are the combats against an ideology of terror not against any religion thus remaining apart from the Holy Wars.
(A) Modern wars hit the terrorism.
(B) Modern Wars are not against any religion including Islam.
(C) Modern Wars are against the idea of spreading terror.

Conclusion

4. The Creation of New Provinces in Pakistan: Implications for an Integrated Country

Outline

1. Introduction
-Creation of new provinces in Pakistan is necessity as well as a popular demand. The issue, at the same time, brings political controversies and raises questions about its impacts on the national unity thus blurring the entire scheme.

2. Voices and Movements for the Creation of New Provinces in Pakistan

– Voice for Creating Saraiki Province in Punjab
– Demand of Creating Mohajir Province in Sindh
– Demand for Creating Pashtun Province in Baluchistan
– Hazara Province Demand in Khyber Pakhtunhawa


3. How Creation of New Provinces can Integrate Pakistan?
– Smaller provinces – Better Administration
– Better administration – National Cohesion
– Giving the People their Territorial Recognition

4. How Creation of New Provinces can Disintegrate Pakistan?

– Politicizing the Issue for Politically motivated objectives
– Creating new provinces on the base of ethnicities
– Resurgence of provincialism
– Divergent provincial priorities


5. The Middle Way
-Creation of new provinces should be on administrative grounds not ethnic basis

7. Conclusion

5-Does backwardness of women lead to backwardness of the nation?

Outline

1-Introduction

Yes, it’s true! It’s backwardness of women that:

• results in morally weak society which is full of:

– Crimes.

– Corruption and favoritism.

– Ineptness and incompetence.

– Drug addiction.

• Wreak havoc with the economy of the country by affecting:

– Decrease in GDP.

– Decrease in Exports.

– Decrease in the tax revenue of the state.

– Rise in Inflation.

– Increase in poverty.

• Adversely affects the health of the nation because of:

– Poor knowledge of hygiene and cleanliness.

– Poor knowledge of Nutrition.

– Ignorance of ways to stay healthy.

• Generates the issue of overpopulation:

• Creates deteriorates impact on the image of the country.

2. Causes of women backwardness:

• Religious Causes:

– Negative role of so-called religious leaders.

– Misinterpretation of religious injunctions.

– Less consideration of Ijtihad in Muslim states.

• Political Causes:

– Lack of political will.

– Poor of insufficient legislation.

– Lack of representation in decision making.

• Social Causes:

– Illiteracy of men.

– Taboos, customs and traditions.

– Security issues.

– High rate of childbirth.

• Economic Causes:

– Poverty at domestic level.

– Budgetary constraint at national level.

– Lack of economic opportunities.

3. Different steps being taken at national and international level for women empowerment:

• Millennium Development Goals MDGs:

• Sustainable Development Goals:

• Different laws and Policies:

• Awareness Campaigns:

• Role of NGOs:

4. Suggestions for the Amelioration of women conditions:

• Propagation of True Massage of Islam Through Moderate Religious Leaders:

• Enactment and Strict Implementation of Laws for:

– End of domestic violence.

– Provide security at workplace.

– Control early childhood marriages.

• Fixation and enhancement of Quotas in:

– Elected bodies at national as well as provincial legislature.

– Educational Institutions.

– Jobs in Public as well as private sector.

• Counseling of the Male Members of the Society:

• Awareness Campaigns:

• Allocation of More Budget for:

– Women education.

– Population control programs.

– Soft loans.

– Women’s health and nutrition.

5- Conclusion

6-Crisis of Good Governance in Pakistan (Need for Reform and Institution Building)

1. Introduction:

2. Good Governance and Its Indicators:

3. Importance of Good Governance for a country:

– Importance for the Economic sector.

– Importance for the Political sector.

– Importance for the Social Sector.

4. Is Pakistan Confronting a crisis of Good Governance?

Yes! The following facts are proof:

– General public’s shattered trust in Government.

– Absence of accountability culture at all levels.

– Lack of transparency in functioning of public organizations.

– Prevalence of Procrastination and red tape in day to day government functioning.

– Inadequate participation of general public in decision making.

– Persistent existence of evil of corruption.

– Absence of rule of law.

– Highly unbalanced development and growth.

– Institutional decay.

– Inadequate delivery of social services.

5. Major Causes of the Deplorable Situation of Governance in Pakistan:

– Frequent derailment of democracy.

– Impotent and puny judiciary.

– Absence of free and mature media.

– Shortsighted and self-centered approach of politicians.

– Failure of educational institutions to produce good citizens.

– Excessive politicization of public sector.

– Dismal performance of the Watch Dog Institutes.

– Presence of lacunas and flaws in the criminal justice system.

– Lack of Checks and balance.

– Lack of civic awareness.

– Bureaucracy attitude.

6. Some Measures Taken by Government to Ameliorate the Situation:

– Enactment of Laws.

– Establishment of monitoring organizations and committees.

– Introduction of internal checks and controls.

– Deliberation of introduction of civil services reforms.

7. Recommended Reforms for Institution Building and Improved Governance in Pakistan:

– Active role of politicians, media and civil society to safeguard the democracy.

– Independent and responsible role of judiciary.

– Prudent and mature role of media.

– Introduction of civil services reforms to improve performance of bureaucracy.

– Introduction of technology in public sector.

– Reformation of Watch Dog Institutes.

– Necessary statutory amendments to improve the criminal justice system.

– Accountability at all level.

– Public participation in decision making.

– Role of educational institutions to produce good citizens.

8. Conclusion:

7-What are the Hurdles in Our Way to Becoming a Truly Independent State?

Outline

1. Introduction:

2. Measures to gauge the independence of a state:

3. Critical analysis of Pakistan’s 68 years of independence:

4. Hurdles in our way to becoming a truly independent state:

• Political:

– Problematic borders.

– Military domination: An impediment to development of other state institutions.

– Lack of consensus among politicians on major issues.

– Perennial issues of terrorism.

– Shortsighted, imprudent and impetuously-designed foreign policy.

• Administrative:

– Spineless bureaucracy.

– Delayed justice.

– Dishonesty, Nepotism, and Red-tapism.

– Flawed transparency and accountability mechanism.

• Economic:

– Vicious circle of poverty.

– Outdated techniques of agricultural farming.

– Unbridled inflation rate.

– Undocumented economy.

– Blind privatization.

• Religious:

– Pathetic role of religious icons for power lust.

– Inculcation of anti-democratic sentiment in the minds of followers and support of dictatorship.

– Use of religious followers as a pressure group.

– Unignorable role of religious parties in promoting sectarianism.

– Inclination towards taqleed rather than Ijtihad.

• Social:

– Marginal and unproductive role of women.

– Class disparities due to feudalism and landlordism.

– Resistance of general masses to adopting new things.

– Uncontrolled population growth.

5. Can we ever become a truly independent nation? Yes.

6. Suggestions for removing the hurdles in becoming a truly independent state:

– Strengthening of democracy by ensuring continuity of credible elections and proper vetting of candidates.

– Devising meticulous, far-sighted and independent foreign policy.

– A complete overhauling of administrative systems.

– Adopting prudent and visionary economic policies.

– Enacting of stringent laws to broaden the tax net.

– Promoting progressive scholars.

– Launching of media campaign to change the mindset of society.

7. Conclusion:

8-Pakistan Rich in Natural Resources but Poor in Their Management

Outline

1. Introduction:

2. Natural resources and their management:

3. Richness/Abundance of natural resources in Pakistan:

4. Pakistan’s natural resources and their management:

• Energy Resources

– Non-renewable energy resources:

o Oil and gas reserves:

o Coal Reserves:

– Renewable energy resources:

o Wind Power:

o Solar Power:

o Hydro power:

• Agricultural Resources:

– Irrigation Network:

– Fertile Land:

– Variety of Crops:

– Animal Husbandry:

– Fishing:

• Mineral Resources:

– Copper and gold resources:

– Salt mines and other mineral:

• Human Resources:

– Sixth largest population in world:

– Youth comprising major chunk:

5. Factors leading to poor management:

• Poor governance:

• Political rivalry:

• Lack of Planning and vision:

• Inconsistent and flawed policies:

• Bureaucratic bottleneck and corruption:

• Worsening law and order situation:

6. Implications of mismanagement of natural resources:

7. Way forward:

8. Conclusion:

9- I Disapprove What You Say but I defend to death Your Right to Say

Outline

1. Introduction:

. I disapprove what you say:

– Difference of opinion is the beauty of any society.

– Why difference of opinion should be protected.

2. But I would defend to death your right to say:

– Defining freedom of speech.

– Importance of freedom of speech.

– Freedom speech and fundamental rights.

– Freedom of speech as incorporated into the constitutions.

– Religious perspectives on freedom of speech.

– Freedom of speech and democracy.

– Limitations of freedom of speech.

3. Challenges and obstacles to freedom of speech:

– Religious extremism.

– Populist tendencies.

– Growing intolerance.

4. Measures to ensure right of freedom of speech:

5. Conclusion:

10- Dialogue is the best course to combat terrorism

Outline

1. Introduction:

2. Terrorism:

3. Means to combat terrorism:

– Operation.

– Dialogue.

4. Why dialogue has been necessary:

– Save massive killing.

– To avoid retaliation.

– Decrease animosity.

– Ideology be changed, not with forces.

5. How Dialogue is the best course:

– Saves life.

– Economic stability.

– Controlled situation.

– View points of every one taken into the consideration.

– Peaceful, co-effective and sustainable.

6. Suggestions for effective dialogue process:

– Root cause is to be dealt.

– All stockholders be taken in confidence.

– National interests on the top.

– Public support.

– Tolerant, cooperative and optimistic attitude.

7. Conclusion:

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