Turks have never forgotten the Treaty of Lausanne, which caused the reduction of the geography of the modern Turkish state, and forcing it to give up large territories that were belonging to it. What was old Turkey? let’s discuss.
So it was not strange to be tackled by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, during regular meetings with the Turkish mayors to send historical and political message to outside before the inside, with interest of Turkey to get rid of the effects of the Convention and the restoration of its rights, which were usurped by the Allies and Turkey considers also the texts of the Convention are unfair to its rights?
The modern Turkish Republic was founded according to the Treaty of Lausanne 1923 , which concluded with the victorious Allies in the First World War, they are : the United Kingdom (Britain), Ireland, France, Russia, Italy, Britain , noting Britain has developed a number of unfair and painful conditions to the rights of the Ottoman Empire, as the abolition of the caliphate, and the exile of caliph and his family outside of Turkey, and the confiscation of all his assets, and the declaration of a secular state, and to prevent Turkey from oil exploration and to consider the Bosphorus Strait which links between the Black Sea and the Marmara Sea, and then to the Mediterranean as an international corridor that it is not entitled to Turkey to obtain fees from ships passing through it .
And by 2023 the period of the treaty ends , which has passed a hundred years, and here we understand Erdogan ‘s comments, as Turkey will enter a new era, and will begin oil exploration and drilling a new channel linking between the two seas Black and Marmara as a preparation to start collecting fees from passing ships.
The Turkish President Erdogan and his followers are always talking about that they should update the Treaty of Lausanne or even they are claiming that it will expire on 2023 and they are saying that the country will be free from certain obligations.
They have pretty wild claims and I didn’t really tap in the full list of claims. But, they are mostly talking about the usage of the valuable natural resources like oil, gas or boron (I am not sure if boron is valuable as they claim though). More wilder, they are saying there will be a referendum in Mosul and Kirkuk to ask if they want to be part of Turkey. Really wild claims!
Although the Treaty of Lausanne does stipulate that Greece must demilitarize the islands, Turkey itself sees the Treaty as “expired.” We remind our readers that Maksut Serim, dubbed Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s “secret keeper,” told Ahmet Ergün, a close friend of Erdoğan for decades, in a wiretapped phone conversation in 2013 that “this is the year the Lausanne Treaty expired and the articles of the Lausanne Treaty were shelved,” as revealed by Nordic Monitor.
So on one hand Turkey says the Treaty of Lausanne is “shelved,” but then also uses it against Greece in an attempt to have the islands demilitarized.
With the end of the treaty coming soon, many questions arise about Turkey’s future role in a number of regions, most importantly Iraq. Turkey had ceded Mosul under the Treaty of Lausanne provided that the city’s demographic composition remained unchanged. It is noteworthy that Turkey had taken control of Mosul in 1534 during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. The city remained under Ottoman control until the end of World War I, before Turkey formally ceded it under the Treaty of Lausanne. After that, the city came under British control, especially after oil was discovered there. This explains Turkey’s current interest in the city.
The Iraqi Buratha news agency published a report in 2012 confirming that Turkey had threatened Iraq with the annexation of Mosul. The report stated that Turkey threatened to cancel the 1926 agreement that prevents Iraq from establishing a Kurdish state and demands that Iraq preserve Mosul. In the event that Iraq does not adhere to these points, Ankara threatened to cancel the agreement and annex the city of Mosul. Turkey had previously deployed its military forces in Mosul’s Bashiqa camp in 2016 under the pretext of training Sunni militias to counter ISIS.
Because Turkey understands the role that international law would play in imposing harsh sanctions against it in the event that it violates international agreements and tries to annex the city by force. It will therefore resort to establishing militias loyal to Ankara, similar to the Iranian method, in order to ensure that it exerts influence over Baghdad on many issues, particularly the important issue of Iraq’s Kurdistan Region