Vitamins deficiency diseases happen when the body doesn’t absorb or get from food the necessary amount of a nutrient. Vitamin Deficiencies can lead to a variety of health problems. These can include digestion problems, skin disorders, stunted or defective bone growth, and even dementia.
The body requires many various vitamins and minerals that are crucial for both body development and thwarting disease. These vitamins and minerals are often denoted to as micronutrients. They aren’t produced naturally in the body, so you have to acquire them from your diet. If we don’t get balanced diet, we face many diseases. Here are some important vitamins deficiency diseases.
The disease of pirates: the grey-death. Scurvy is caused by a lack of vitamin C, whose chemical name, ascorbic acid, is derived from the Latin term for scurvy, scorbutus. The early symptoms of scurvy include spongy gums, pain in the joints, and blood spots appearing under the skin. Even though the disease was well-known since ancient times (described by Hippocrates around 400 BCE), it was not a scourge to those who were largely land-bound. Even though its causes were unknown, many cultures realized that eating certain herbs could reverse the symptoms, and as long as there was access to fresh food, it was generally kept under control.
This condition is brought on by a lack of vitamin D, which causes the body to be unable to captivate or deposit calcium. Less commonly, it can also be caused by a lack of calcium or phosphorus, but vitamin D deficiency is by far the most common cause. Unlike vitamin C, the human body is able to produce vitamin D, but only if it has the metabolic precursors available to it.
When the skin is exposed to ultraviolet light (such as from the sun), cholesterol in the skin reacts and forms cholecalciferol, which is then processed in the liver and kidneys to create the active form of vitamin D.
This condition is largely confined to Asia, especially in countries where boiled rice is a staple. The Sinhalese term “beri-beri” means, “I cannot, I cannot,” and derives from the inability to perform even the simplest of tasks once the polyneuritis (nerve inflammation) caused by the deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine) has permanently damaged the neurons, when the condition has progressed to the end-stage.
What causes blistering of the skin in the sun, pale skin, a craving for raw meat, blood dripping from the mouth, aggression, and insanity? If you answered “vampirism,” you’re close—the myth of the vampire may have its roots in the condition known as “pellagra.” Pellagra is caused by a lack of vitamin B3 (niacin).